viking named Herjólfur moved to Greenland
with Eric the Red. His son, Bjarni,
came from Norway to Iceland and decided to follow his father to Greenland,
but got lost. He saw N-America or Canada, but he didn´t go on shore.
He made his way to Greenland and settled down there. He met Leifur
and Eric the Red, Leifur's father. Leifur bought the ship from
Bjarni and intended to find the land that Bjarni saw. Leifur then discovered
and Vínland (N-America).
Leifur and his crew built a camp in Vínland and stay there one winter.
Later in the springtime when Leifur left from Vínland, he
came upon 15 shipwrecked people and saved them. For this rescue and
the discovery of the new land he was called Leifur the Lucky.
[The picture is made by Karín
Leifur turned back home his brother Þorvaldur decided to
go to Vínland too. He stayeds in the camp of Leifur and explored
the country. Þorvaldur killed 8 Indians, they revenged and Þorvaldur
got an arrow in his chest and died. His men took care of a Christian
burial seromony and then went back to Greenland.
Þorsteinn, son of Eric the Red, married Guðríður
Þorbjarnardóttir, the woman that Leifur rescued from the
shipwreck. Þorsteinn and Guðríður intended to go to
Vínland but caught a terrible storm and landed their ship in Vestribyggð
on Greenland. There they got accommodation with Þorsteinn svarti.
Some disease broke out and Þorsteinn Eiríksson died.
man whose name was Þorfinnur
karlsefni came to Greenland and stayed with Leifur in Brattahlíð.
He married Guðríður Þorbjarnardóttir,
who was a widow since Þorsteinn died. They went to Vínland
and had a son that they called Snorri. Snorri was born the first winter
they stayed in Vínland and is thus the first white person to be
born in Northern America. Their relationship with the Indians was
fine in the beginning but later they got into fights with one another.
Þorfinnur did not like the persection he felt that they suffered
from the Indians and they moved back to Greenland. [Sævar
Birgir drew the picture.]
Two brothers from Iceland, Helgi and Finnbogi, came to Greenland.
Freydís, daughter of
Eric the Red, went with the brothers to Vínland. In Vínland
there came up some disagreement between the two groups of settlers
and Freydís lied to her husband that Helgi and Finnbogi had
mistreated her. Then Freydís's husband and his men attacked
the group of Helgi and Finnbogi. Freydís's men killed
Helgi and Finnbogi and all the men in their group. Freydís herself
killed five women. They then went back to Greenland. When Leifur
found out what had happened he got very angry. But he couldn't do
anything because Freydís, the murderess, was his sister.
Þorfinnur karlsefni and Guðríður moved back to
Iceland and lived in Skagafjörður. When Þorfinnur died Guðríður
went to Rome for absolution from the pope, then returned to Iceland
and became a nun for the last years of her life. No woman in the
11th century travelled so far in her lifetime as Guðríður.
Haukur og Huldís